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  1. W.659, fol. 12a

http://www.thedigitalwalters.org/Data/WaltersManuscripts/html/W659/description.html

Walters Ms. W.659, Turkish version of the Wonders of creation

 

Tercüme-yi ʿAcāʾib ül-maḫlūḳāt  ترجمه عجائب المخلوقات

 

author Zakarīyā ibn Muḥammad al-Qazwīnī ca. 1203-1283  زكريا بن محمد القزويني
 

This is an Ottoman illuminated and illustrated Turkish version of ʿAjāʾib al-makhlūqāt (Wonders of creation) by Zakarīyā al-Qazwīnī (d. 692 AH / 1293 CE), made at the request of the Vizier Murtaza Paşa (Murtaḍá Pāshā) (fl. eleventh century AH / seventeenth CE). The codex was completed in 1121 AH / 1717 CE by Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad Shākir Rūzmah-ʾi Nāthānī. There are 444 paintings illustrating the text. The binding is not original to the manuscript.


date 12 Ramaḍān 1121 AH / 1717 CE
origin Ottoman Empire
scribe Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad Shākir Rūzmah-ʾi Nāthānī  محمد بن محمد شاكر روزمه ناثاني
 
colophon fol. 303a: Transliteration: ḥarrarahu al-faqīr al-ḥaqī Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad /1/ Shākir Rūzmah-ʾi Nāthānī /2/ ghaffara Allāh dhunūbahu wa-li-wālidayy [sic] /3/ wa-aḥsana ilayhimā wa-ilahi /4/ sanah 1121 /5/ fī 12 n(=Ramaḍān)
 
illustration: Four hundred forty-four illustrations; illuminated headpiece (fol. 2b); tailpiece consisting of two trees surrounding a colophon (fol. 303a); frame
 

fol. 2b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 2b
  2. Title: Incipit page with illuminated headpiece
  3. Form: Incipit; headpiece

fol. 8b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 8b
  2. Title: Orbit of the moon
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: This illustration depicts the orbit of the moon (falak al-qamar).

fol. 9b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 9b
  2. Title: Formation of the crescent of the moon
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 10a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 10a
  2. Title: Lunar eclipse
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: This illustration depicts the lunar eclipse (khusūf).

fol. 11a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 11a
  2. Title: Orbit of Mercury
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: This illustration depicts the orbit of Mercury (falak ʿuṭārid).

fol. 11b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 11b
  2. Title: Mercury
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 12a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 12a
  2. Title: Orbit of Venus and Venus
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: These illustrations depict the orbit of Venus (falak al-zuharah) and Venus.

fol. 12b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 12b
  2. Title: Orbit of the sun
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: This illustration depicts the orbit of the sun (falak al-shams).

fol. 13a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 13a
  2. Title: Symbol of the sun
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 13b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 13b
  2. Title: Solar eclipse
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: This illustration depicts the solar eclipse (kusūf).

fol. 14b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 14b
  2. Title: Symbol of Mars
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: This illustration depicts the symbol of Mars (al-mirrīkh).

fol. 15a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 15a
  2. Title: Jupiter and Saturn
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: These illustrations depict Jupiter (al-mushtarī) and Saturn (al-zukhal).

fol. 15b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 15b
  2. Title: Orbit of the fixed stars
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: This illustration depicts the orbit of the fixed stars (falak al-thawābit).

fol. 16b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 16b
  2. Title: Ursa Minor and Ursa Major
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: These illustrations depict Ursa Minor (al-dubb al-aṣghar) and Ursa Major (al-dubb al-akbar).

fol. 17a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 17a
  2. Title: Draco
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: This illustration depicts Draco (al-tinnīn).

fol. 17b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 17b
  2. Title: Cepheus and Corona Borealis
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: These illustrations depict Cepheus (al-qayqāwus) and Corona Borealis (al-iklīl).

fol. 18a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 18a
  2. Title: Corona Borealis and Herculis
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: These illustrations depict Corona Borealis (al-fakkah) and Herculis (al-jāthī).

fol. 18b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 18b
  2. Title: Lyre and Cygnus
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: These illustrations depict Lyre (al-shalyāq) and Cygnus (al-dajājah).

fol. 19a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 19a
  2. Title: Cassiopeia and Perseus
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: These illustrations depict Cassiopeia (Dhāt al-kursī) and Perseus (Barshāvush).

fol. 20a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 20a
  2. Title: Serpentarius, Sagitta, and Aquila
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: These illustrations depict Serpentarius (Ḥawwā), Sagitta (kawkab al-sahm), and Aquila (al-ʿuqāb).

fol. 20b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 20b
  2. Title: Delphinus and Equuleus
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: These illustrations depict Delphinus (al-dalfīn) and Equuleus (qiṭʿat al-faras).

fol. 21a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 21a
  2. Title: Pegasus and Andromeda
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: These illustrations depict Pegasus (al-faras al-aʿẓam) and Andromeda (al-musalsalah).

fol. 21b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 21b
  2. Title: Pegasus (caption missing) and Triangulium
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 22a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 22a
  2. Title: Aries
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: This illustration depicts Aries (al-ḥamal).

fol. 22b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 22b
  2. Title: Taurus and Gemini
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: These illustrations depict Taurus (al-thawr) and Gemini (al-tawʾamān).

fol. 23a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 23a
  2. Title: Cancer and Leo
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: These illustrations depict Cancer (al-saraṭān) and Leo (al-asad).

fol. 23b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 23b
  2. Title: Virgo and Libra
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: These illustrations depicts Virgo (ʿadhrā’) and Libra (mīzān).

fol. 24a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 24a
  2. Title: Scorpio and Sagittarius
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: These illustrations depict Scorpio (al-ʿaqrab) and Sagittarius (al-rāmī).

fol. 24b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 24b
  2. Title: Capricorn and Aquarius
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: These illustrations depict Capricorn (al-jadī) and Aquarius (sākib al-māʾ).

fol. 25a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 25a
  2. Title: Pisces and Cetus
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: These illustrations depict Pisces (al-samakatān) and Cetus (al-fīṭus).

fol. 25b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 25b
  2. Title: Orion
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: This illustration depicts Orion (here given as al-ḥayyān, properly al-jabbār).

fol. 26a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 26a
  2. Title: Eridanus and Lepus
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: These illustrations depict Eridanus (al-nahr) and Lepus (al-arnab).

fol. 26b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 26b
  2. Title: Canis Major, Canis Minor, and Argo
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: These illustrations depict Canis Major (al-kalb al-akbar), Canis Minor (al-kalb al-muqʿad), and Argo (al-safīnah).

fol. 27a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 27a
  2. Title: Hydra, Crater, and Corvus
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: These illustrations depict Hydra (al-shujāʿ), Crater (al-bāṭiyah), and Corvus (al-ghurāb).

fol. 27b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 27b
  2. Title: Centaurus and Lupus
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: These illustrations depict Centaurus (fanṭaurus) and Lupus (al-sabuʿ).

fol. 28a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 28a
  2. Title: Ara, Corona Australis, and Pisces Australis
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: These illustrations depict Ara (al-mijmarah), Corona Australis (al-Iklīl al-janūbī), and Pisces Australis (kawkabat al-janūbī).

fol. 39a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 39a
  2. Title: Diagram showing the distribution and direction of the four winds
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 41a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 41a
  2. Title: Rainbow
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: This illustration depicts a rainbow (quzḥah).

fol. 43a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 43a
  2. Title: The first two of the four carriers of the firmament (animal and angelic)
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 43b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 43b
  2. Title: The second two carriers of the firmament (lion and vulture)
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 44a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 44a
  2. Title: A soul symbolized as an angel
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 45a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 45a
  2. Title: The angel Isrāfīl
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 46a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 46a
  2. Title: The Archangel Gabriel
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: This illustration depicts the Archangel Gabriel (Jibrāʾīl).

fol. 46b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 46b
  2. Title: The Archangel Michael
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: This illustration depicts the Archangel Michael (Mikāʾīl).

fol. 48a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 48a
  2. Title: Two angels
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: These illustrations depict two angels, the name of the first missing and the second called Ismāʿīl (represented by a bull).

fol. 48b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 48b
  2. Title: Three angels
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: These illustrations depict three angels, Mikhā’īl (represented by a hawk), Ṣāʿidyāʾil (represented by a vulture), and Ṣalṣāʾīl (represented by a horse).

fol. 49a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 49a
  2. Title: The angels Kalkāʾīl and Shamshāʾīl
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 49b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 49b
  2. Title: The angel Rawyāʾīl
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 50b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 50b
  2. Title: Two angels, with a man in the middle charged to write down his good and bad deeds
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 51a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 51a
  2. Title: The angels called Muʿaqqibāt
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: This illustration depicts the angels called Muʿaqqibāt, who are charged with bringing blessings from the sun and taking the good deeds of men to heaven.

fol. 51b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 51b
  2. Title: The angels Munkir and Nakīr
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: This illustration depicts the angels Munkir and Nakīr, who are charged with questioning deceased people.

fol. 52b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 52b
  2. Title: The angels Hārūt and Mārūt hanging as a punishment for being critical of Adam’s fall
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 57b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 57b
  2. Title: Hāmān cuts a branch, with a bear on it, for the lion beneath the tree
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 74a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 74a
  2. Title: Burāq (the Prophet Muḥammad's horse)
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 76a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 76a
  2. Title: King Solomon’s horse
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 76b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 76b
  2. Title: A horse
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 80a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 80a
  2. Title: A lion
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 81a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 81a
  2. Title: A mule
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 84b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 84b
  2. Title: A donkey and a wild ass
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 87b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 87b
  2. Title: A camel
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 90a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 90a
  2. Title: A cow or a bull
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 90b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 90b
  2. Title: A wild cow or bull
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 91b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 91b
  2. Title: A buffalo
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 92a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 92a
  2. Title: A giraffe
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 92b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 92b
  2. Title: A sheep
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 93a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 93a
  2. Title: A goat
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 93b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 93b
  2. Title: A gazelle
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 94b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 94b
  2. Title: A wild goat
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 95a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 95a
  2. Title: A jackal
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 95b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 95b
  2. Title: A weasel
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 96a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 96a
  2. Title: A rabbit and a tiger
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 98b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 98b
  2. Title: A fox and a young billy goat
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: These illustrations depict a fox and a young billy goat (ḥarīs?).

fol. 100b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 100b
  2. Title: A pig (hog)
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 101b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 101b
  2. Title: A bear and a hay-weasel
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 103b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 103b
  2. Title: A wolf and a gray squirrel
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 104a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 104a
  2. Title: An elephant-like animal
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: This illustration depicts an elephant-like animal (sannād).

fol. 105a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 105a
  2. Title: A cat
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 105b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 105b
  2. Title: A wild cat and an animal called sīrāyis
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 106a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 106a
  2. Title: An animal with one horn (name illegible)
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 107a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 107a
  2. Title: A hyena and a lynx
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 107b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 107b
  2. Title: A cheetah
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: This illustration depicts a cheetah (fahd).

fol. 109a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 109a
  2. Title: An elephant
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 109b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 109b
  2. Title: An ermine
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: This illustration depicts an ermine (qāqum).

fol. 111a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 111a
  2. Title: A monkey
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 112a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 112a
  2. Title: A rhinoceros
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 113a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 113a
  2. Title: A dog
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 113b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 113b
  2. Title: A leopard
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: This illustration depicts a leopard (namir).

fol. 114a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 114a
  2. Title: An animal called nāmūr and a marten (sable)
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: These illustrations depict an animal called nāmūr and a marten (sable) (sammūr).

fol. 115a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 115a
  2. Title: A turkey and a bird called abū harūz
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: These illustrations depict a turkey (abū barāqish) and a bird called abū harūz.

fol. 116a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 116a
  2. Title: A duck
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 116b: 

  1. W.659, fol. 116b
  2. Title: A hawk and a sparrow hawk
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: These illustrations depict a hawk (bādhī) and a sparrow hawk (bāshaq).

fol. 118a: 

  1. W.659, fol. 118a
  2. Title: A parrot and a nightingale
  3. Form: Illustration

fol. 119a: